Contrary to reports that police officer Jason Van Dyke shot McDonald 16 times in self-defense, the video shows McDonald moving away from police before Van Dyke opens fire. In the uproar that came, Van Dyke became the first Chicago police officer in 35 years to be charged with first-degree murder for an on-duty shooting.
I have seen racially charged police scandals lead to profound political consequences before. As a young Chicago reporter in 1972, I covered black Rep. Ralph Metcalfe’s break with the powerful Democratic machine of Mayor Richard J. Daley as the issue of police conduct became personal when his friend Dr. Herbert Odom, a prominent black South Side dentist, was roughed up by police after a minor traffic stop. Among other actions, Metcalfe convened a “blue-ribbon panel” of experts on “The Misuse of Police Authority in Chicago.”
Among its findings, “complaints from citizens about abusive conduct by police are almost universally rejected” by the department’s “self-investigation system.”
In many ways there has been stunningly little progress since the Metcalfe panel. In Metcalfe’s day, excessive force complaints were upheld in only 1.4 percent of cases. Today, of the 10,500 complaints filed by black people between 2011 and 2015, only 166 or 1.6 percent were sustained or led to discipline after an internal investigation.
That’s according to data posted online by the Invisible Institute, an investigative journalism project that petitioned the courts for a decade to have the data released.
Even though the numbers showed a small percentage of the 12,000 officers on the force had generated the most complaints, department officials had made shockingly little use of the data they had.
For example, only 10 percent of the officers who had received complaints generated 30 percent of the total departmental complaints since 2011. One of those repeat cases was Van Dyke. Yet the department offered little accountability for officers or early-warning interventions to help allegedly repeat-offender officers to improve.
In fact, there’s little doubt that the McDonald case would quietly have gone away had the shocking video not been released to the public.
While we must not forget that most officers appear to be doing their jobs without complaints from the public, dismissing offenders as a “few bad apples” understates the influence that a few bad cops can have.
Perhaps now Chicago can become a model for curing police corruption instead of causing it? I’m waiting to hear Mayor Emanuel’s answer to his own very important question: What are he and other city leaders going to do about it?