Some Honda and Toyota vehicles specify that SAE 0W-16 oil be used to help improve fuel economy. Using thinner engine oils has been a trend in the auto industry for many years. Photo by James Halderman

Reader asks about engine oil

Wheels:

Jeff asks: “I have some questions about what oil I should be using in my truck and in my new lawn tractor. First, my 2016 Chevrolet Silverado truck calls for SAE 0W-20. That seems very thin to me and I was thinking of using SAE 5W-30 instead. Your thoughts? Also, do you think using a synthetic is worth the extra money?

My new lawn tractor calls for SAE 10W-30 but some Internet sites recommended the use of SAE 10W-40? Which one should I use? Also is using a synthetic recommended? Thanks.”

Halderman:

I always recommend what the vehicle manufacturer specifies to be used. The engineers know what is best for the engine; in your case, using SAE 0W-20 is the right viscosity to use. Here is the good news. If there is a “0” at the beginning of any oil viscosity rating, it has to be synthetic to be able to meet the specifications.

Regarding your lawn tractor oil: I would again recommend the use of the specified SAE 10W-30. Using the SAE 10W-40 means that it has more viscosity index improvers added to make it suitable for the wider viscosity range. The extra improver additive has been known to cause piston rings to stick, leading to increased oil usage.

Staying with a known, brand-name SAE 10W-30 and using a synthetic one is a wise option, in my opinion. Change the oil in the lawn tractor as specified by the manufacturer, which is usually every 25 hours of operation.

Have an automotive question? Write to Jim at jim@jameshalderman.com.

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