“He or she can suggest the right medication to relieve your child’s symptoms,” said Shalini Forbis, MD, Dayton Children’s Health Clinic pediatrician and Dr. Mom Squad blogger. “Medications come in many forms including pills, liquids, nose sprays and eye drops.”
There are four main types of medication:
- Antihistamines block the chemical that your body makes during an allergic reaction that causes runny noses and itchy eyes. However, it can make your child sleepy, so many formulas now come in a non-drowsy version.
- Decongestants are used for quick, temporary relief of stuffy noses. They are often combined with an antihistamine in allergy medicines. Some kids may have trouble falling asleep if they take a decongestant. It may also make them irritable.
- Corticosteroids ease allergy-related inflammation. They normally require a prescription.
- Mast cell stabilizers are used when antihistamines aren't working well for the child. They also block the chemical your body makes during an allergic reaction. They usually need to be taken for several days to reach full effect.
“If you are not sure what is causing your child’s allergy symptoms, consider having him or her tested. Then you can track pollen counts and know what pollens are in the air to help you anticipate your child’s symptoms,” Forbis said.
While you may not look forward to colder weather, the good news for fall allergy sufferers is symptoms will improve with the first frost.