FILE- In this April 8, 2014, file photo, Israeli President Shimon Peres, center, hugs Chinese children during a welcome ceremony held by Chinese president Xi Jinping at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. Shimon Peres, a former Israeli president and prime minister, whose life story mirrored that of the Jewish state and who was celebrated around the world as a Nobel prize-winning visionary who pushed his country toward peace, has died, the Israeli news website YNet reported early Wednesday, Sept. 28, 2016. He was 93. (AP Photo/Alexander F. Yuan, File)
Shimon Peres, the former Israeli prime minister and president who served his country for more than sixty years, died Wednesday, two weeks after suffering a massive stroke.
Peres, the last of the generation that fought to carve out a homeland for Jews, was at the forefront of every achievement the young country celebrated. While he was seen as a hawk when it came to defense of his country, his efforts to promote peace between Arabs and Jews is perhaps what he will be best remembered for.
Peres was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1994 for brokering the Oslo Accords, a peace plan that, for the first time, led to the official recognition of each other by the Palestine Liberation Organization and the State of Israel.
Here are a few things to know about Shimon Peres.
• He was born in Wiśniew, Poland in 1923.
• He and his family moved to Mandatory Palestine – an area ruled by the British – when he was 9. Mandatory Palestine became Israel.
• Peres was a founder of the State of Israel. He secured arms for those who fought in the War of Independence in 1948.
• He served the government of Israel in some form for 60 years – at one time or another, serving in all of the cabinet positions.
• He was the man who headed up Israel’s nuclear weapons program in the late 1950s.
• He was the country’s ninth president. He also served as prime minister three times.
• He won the Noble Peace Prize in 1994, sharing it with Israeli President Yitzhak Rabin and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat.
• He was the world’s oldest head of state when he retired as Israeli president in 2014.
• He was the last of Israel's original founding fathers.