LATEST NEWS:

Food truck getting buzz for its gourmet street eats crowned champion of Springfield competition

Gardening tips: Using beneficial insects to manage landscape pests


Pest management for your lawn and garden is a personal choice. You choose what fits best according to your gardening philosophy.

My job is to provide you with all of the options that are available, and one of those options includes biological controls.

Biological control occurs when you use one organism to control another. For instance, ladybugs feed on aphids.

My approach to using biological controls is three-fold. The first is to be able to identify the good guys, or the bio-allies. The second is to attract them to the landscape. The third is to protect them and avoid pesticides if not necessary.

Identifying these bio-allies takes a little bit of practice and experience. Once you learn as much as you can about them, you begin to start looking for them and actually finding them.

The biggest issue here is that you have to look for them in the garden just as you would be looking for the bad bugs. Get up close and personal with your plants in order to find these good guys.

TIPS TO REMEMBER THIS SUMMER: How to deal with lawn grubs

Ladybugs are the most recognized good bug. The adults and larvae feed on soft-bodied insects such as aphids and some scale species.

Other good guys include lacewings, syrphid flies, wasps, praying mantids, soldier beetles and more. Doing an internet search for these will provide you with details and photos so that you can begin to identify them in your garden.

A few years ago I had an infestation of aphids on my tomato plants. While inspecting the plants, I also found lacewing adults, larvae and their eggs. I decided to do nothing. After about 10 days, the aphids were gone and no pesticides were used.

Attracting the good guys to your landscape is done by determining the types of plants that are attractive. Plants in the carrot and mustard family are good for attracting beneficial insects.

Plants that attract these insects also include small flowering plants such as sweet alyssum, dill, fennel, cilantro and lovage. Coneflower, coreopsis, tansy, yarrow, goldenrod, sunflowers and cosmos also attract the good bugs.

MORE GARDENING TIPS: What will cold temperatures do to plants?

Again, after planting a variety of flowers to attract good bugs, get close to the flowers and watch to see what visits and begin to identify the beneficial insects.

Lastly, protect those that you attract. Avoid using pesticides if possible. If you need to spray, select pesticides that are considered “soft,” or the least harmful to many beneficial insects.

For instance, insecticidal soaps and summer oil sprays are used to kill aphids but won’t affect ladybugs once they dry. However, they will kill the good guys if you spray them directly. Therefore, once again, inspect and make sure you don’t have good guys on the plants prior to spraying.

I rarely use pesticides in my lawns and landscape, and I try to use the above practices first. I only spray if things are really out of hand and I might lose a plant or the flowers will be destroyed (hibiscus blooms, for instance).



Reader Comments ...


Next Up in Home Garden

Here’s what data say about who is dying from overdoses in Clark County
Here’s what data say about who is dying from overdoses in Clark County

Clark County set a new record while ranking third in the state for drug deaths in 2017 by the Ohio Department of Health, according to preliminary data from the state agency when adjusted for age. The health department found 96 Clark County residents died of an unintentional drug-related overdose in 2017. When adjusted for age, the department gave Clark...
5 things every parent should know about immunization
5 things every parent should know about immunization

Within the first few months of your child's life, your pediatrician will likely start talking to you about immunizations. Even if your house is stocked with hand sanitizer and antibacterial soap, it's important to know what options are out there to keep your kid safe from diseases that could have harmful consequences. With all of the talk...
PG's all good, right? Sorting out which movies are right for your kid
PG's all good, right? Sorting out which movies are right for your kid

Time flies, especially when you stroll down your cinema memory lane. It may seem just a year or two ago you were wrangling with your own parents over whether you could see the R-rated  “Breakfast Club”or “Kill Bill Vol. 1,” now you're the parent trying to figure out if “Transylvania 3” will scare your...
What age should you stop breastfeeding your baby?
What age should you stop breastfeeding your baby?

It's motherhood 101: Breast is best for your new bundle of joy. However, there are few hard and fast rules on when to wean your little one from breastfeeding. August is National Breastfeeding Awareness Month, so it’s the opportune time to take a look at some of the benefits for nursing mothers and their babies.  Breastfeeding comes with...
Local hot-dog stand is one of Kettering’s hidden gems
Local hot-dog stand is one of Kettering’s hidden gems

Jon McElroy was operating from a mobile food unit long before the term “food truck” took off, and over the course of eight years, his Lefty’s Hot Dogs trailer in Kettering has quietly evolved into one of the Dayton area’s hidden gems. The hot dog venture is on the corner of East Stroop Road and Wilmington Pike, tucked...
More Stories