You have reached your limit of free articles this month.

Enjoy unlimited access to SpringfieldNewsSun.com

Starting at just 99¢ for 8 weeks.

GREAT REASONS TO SUBSCRIBE TODAY!

  • IN-DEPTH REPORTING
  • INTERACTIVE STORYTELLING
  • NEW TOPICS & COVERAGE
  • ePAPER
X

You have read of premium articles.

Get unlimited access to all of our breaking news, in-depth coverage and interactive features. Starting at just 99c for 8 weeks.

X

Welcome to SpringfieldNewsSun.com

Your source for Clark and Champaign counties’ hometown news. All readers have free access to a limited number of stories every month.

If you are a News-Sun subscriber, please take a moment to login for unlimited access.

live video

Thousands gather at Women’s March on Washington D.C.

Air Force could ground U-2 in favor of Global Hawk


Tony Bevacqua flew secret missions in U-2 spy planes to peer into the Soviet Union, China, over the Korean Peninsula and Vietnam.

The Cleveland native first climbed into a U-2 cockpit in 1957 at a secret base in Groom Lake, Nev., surviving three flame outs on a training mission over the desert before flying the jet around the globe on highly classified flights until the mid-1960s.

“With our altitude above 70,000 feet, you could see way in with the camera,” said Bevacqua, who also piloted Mach 3 capable SR-71 Blackbird in his two-decade Air Force career. “You didn’t go in over Russia and China because of the promise (President) Eisenhower made to (Soviet leader) Kruschev of no overflights.”

Decades later, the SR-71 has long since retired, while the glider-like U-2 still flies miles above the Earth, but could be grounded because of Air Force budget cuts, and replaced by the RQ-4 Global Hawk unmanned aircraft.

Looking past the Iron Curtain

The long-winged U-2 played a crucial role after the Soviet Union imposed the Iron Curtain and gathering intelligence over the enormous expanse became “practically impossible,” said Douglas Lantry, a curator at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force.

“They did a really good job of buttoning up their borders in that way,” Lantry said. “We were initially in the early days of the Cold War practically blind to what those guys were up to.”

Bevacqua flew the jet on high-altitude air sampling missions to detect nuclear weapons tests along with photo reconnaissance flights.

The high-flying pilots sometimes suffered from the bends, or decompression sickness. The Air Force eventually pressured the aircraft at lower altitudes to ease the problem, said Bevacqua, 81, of Yuba City, Calif.

Pilots found the jet a challenge to fly because it “can be tough to land especially if you have any cross winds and you have the fatigue factor as well as a landing coming at you.”

The Air Force did not initially want the unsolicited Lockheed proposal for a high-flying glider, known as the CL-282 that became the U-2. “Lockheed’s design was really radical,” Lantry said.

In the early 1950s, the service set its sights on a twin-engined B-57 Canberra with longer wings for a high-altitude, long-endurance mission but got behind the glider-like, single-engine U-2 after the Eisenhower administration chose it as a secret Central Intelligence Agency plane, Lantry said.

The Soviets shot down CIA pilot Francis Gary Powers in a U-2 in 1960 and Air Force Maj. Rudolf Anderson was killed in a U-2 over Cuba in the midst of the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. It was a U-2 flight that confirmed Soviet missiles in Cuba during the perilous standoff between President John F. Kennedy and Soviet premier Nikita Kruschev. The Soviets pulled the missiles out of the island nation after a U.S. naval blockade.

Still flying

Six decades since the first U-2 flight, the plane, reborn as a larger model with new a range of sensors instead of a single high-resolution film camera it originally carried, has a key role in aerial reconnaissance today.

Richard Aboulafia, a Fairfax, Va.-based Teal Group analyst, said the decision to sideline the U-2 is “risky.”

“But with a budget environment as constrained as it is, the Air Force is forced to take risks,” he said.

Rene Freeland, a Northrop Grumman spokeswoman, said in an email the federal government has recognized the significance of Global Hawk’s capabilities, which recently set the longest military endurance flight — longer than 34 hours — without refueling.

“Global Hawk has the safest record of any aircraft in the Air Force’s active inventory and provides the most cost-effective and efficient means of gathering high altitude long endurance intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance information over a wide geographic area,” she said in the email. The Air Force Life Cycle Management Center has a Global Hawk office at Wright-Patterson.

Loren B. Thompson, a Lexington Institute defense analyst and an aerospace industry consultant, said it’s unlikely the U-2 will leave the fleet for several years.

“First of all, it will take that long to transfer the most important sensors from the U-2 to the Global Hawk and even after that happens the Global Hawk will not be able to accomplish some of the missions the U-2 can,” he said.

The Global Hawk can fly longer than the U-2, but has a smaller payload, and can’t fly as high, he said. “The Global Hawk was conceived to replace the U-2 but it’s so different that they really are complimentary systems,” he said.


Reader Comments ...


Next Up in News

Stafford: News-Sun morgue alive at Heritage Center
Stafford: News-Sun morgue alive at Heritage Center

The morgue is alive again. It’s not alive in quite the same way it was when I habitually slipped in and out of it on the third floor of the News-Sun Building. Still, in the roughly 100 boxes shelved in the Clark County Heritage Center library, the largest body of its material is available to the public. Those who aren’t arthritic journalists...
Deadly storm tears through Mississippi
Deadly storm tears through Mississippi

A severe storm — including a tornado — tore through southern Mississippi early Saturday, damaging several buildings in Hattiesburg. Three people have been killed, The Associated Press reported. A search and rescue operation has begun in Hattiesburg, Mayor Johnny DuPree said. Most of the damage appeared to be in the downtown's outskirts...
Bush, Clinton wrote warm letters to successors
Bush, Clinton wrote warm letters to successors

It’s a tradition that an outgoing president will leave a letter behind for the new commander-in-chief. The letters are usually filled with best wishes and even some advice. The National Archives recently released the letters that former presidents Bill Clinton and George W. Bush wrote to the successors, according to ABC News and Politico. The...
White House had ghostly look on Obama's final night
White House had ghostly look on Obama's final night

Desks were emptied and staff moved out as the outgoing staff made way for the staff of Donald Trump, who was inaugurated on Friday.
'House of Cards' will 'Bring the Terror' in Season 5
'House of Cards' will 'Bring the Terror' in Season 5

As the nation watched Donald Trump being sworn in as the 45th president, Frank Underwood already was planning ahead. Netflix released a teaser Friday for the fifth season of its presidential drama, "House of Cards." Underwood, the crafty politician played by Kevin Spacey, will return to action on May 30, Netflix announced.   The teaser...
More Stories