You have reached your limit of free articles this month.

Enjoy unlimited access to

Starting at just 99¢ for 8 weeks.


  • ePAPER

You have read of premium articles.

Get unlimited access to all of our breaking news, in-depth coverage and interactive features. Starting at just 99c for 8 weeks.


Welcome to

Your source for Clark and Champaign counties’ hometown news. All readers have free access to a limited number of stories every month.

If you are a News-Sun subscriber, please take a moment to login for unlimited access.

Bugs of summer: Families can minimize bites and stings

Insects abound in warm and damp weather. Dayton Children’s offers simple tips to keep your family safe and itch-free.

Have you ever been stung by a bee or hornet? How can your family avoid those nasty bites and stings? What are the best treatments and preventative measures for your family? Dayton Children’s Hospital offers advice for managing the most familiar summer pests.

Mosquitoes are the most prevalent and disrupting summer insects. Follow these simple steps to help keep them out of your fun:

Stay indoors at dusk and dawn, when mosquitoes are most active.

Use screens on doors and windows to keep mosquitoes from entering your home.

Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants when you’re outdoors.

Use insect repellents. The most effective and long-lasting ones contain DEET (permethrin or N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide). Products with 10 to 30 percent DEET provide about three hours of protection. Experts suggest that it’s acceptable to apply repellents with low concentrations of DEET to infants over two months old. Other guidelines cite that it’s acceptable to use repellents containing DEET on children over 2 years of age. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also recommends repellents that contain a chemical called picaridin or the oil of lemon eucalyptus.

Read and follow the directions on the label. Have adults apply to children. Do not apply repellent to your child’s hands — children tend to put their hands in their eyes and mouth.

Re-apply as necessary. Swimming and sweating will require re-applications.

Eliminate mosquito-breeding areas by removing standing water from gutters, old tires, wading pools, tarps, potted plants and other outside buckets and pails. Also, be sure the water in pet dishes and birdbaths is changed regularly.

Bees and wasps always seem to find the picnic as they buzz around in search of something sweet. To avoid stings, stay away from bee or wasp nests, keep sweet-smelling food or drink

covered when you’re eating outdoors, and don’t swat at flying insects. It can irritate them, causing them to sting.

If you or your child is stung, follow these steps:

Remove the stinger. A bee will leave behind a stinger attached to a venom sac. Try to remove it as quickly as possible by gently scraping it out in a sideways motion with a blunt-edged object, such as a credit card or a dull knife.

Wash the area carefully with soap and water two to three times a day until the skin is healed.

Apply a cold pack, or a cold, wet washcloth for a few minutes.

Give acetaminophen (such as Tylenol) for pain.

“Playing outside is a lot of fun — bugs or no bugs. Fortunately, most bites and stings are relatively harmless,” says Shalini Forbis, MD, pediatrician and Dr. Mom Squad blogger at Dayton Children’s Hospital. “The two greatest risks from most insect stings and bites are an allergic reaction, which rarely may be fatal, and infection — also rare but with potentially serious consequences. Education and supervision are the best preventive measures that parents can take toward protecting their child.”

For more information on bug bites and related illnesses for parents, kids and teens, go online to

Reader Comments ...

Next Up in

When sending flowers just won’t do

Flowers. Don’t send them. My former colleague, Tim, lost his beloved Uncle Bill this week. People sent flowers. That’s what they do at times like these. Tim says don’t do it. Not because he didn’t adore his uncle. Oh, how he adored him. Still does. “He’s the man who influenced me to become a journalist,” he...
WASSO Kitchens Tour is Saturday
WASSO Kitchens Tour is Saturday

Some of Springfield’s hottest kitchens will welcome fans in this weekend. The 11th annual Women’s Association of the Springfield Symphony Orchestra (WASSO) Kitchens Tour will highlight five different spaces, 1-4 p.m. Saturday, April 29. The tour is a fundraiser with proceeds benefitting the Springfield Symphony Orchestra. “We&rsquo...
Katharine the great white shark lurking in waters off central Florida coast
Katharine the great white shark lurking in waters off central Florida coast

  Katharine, the great white shark, has surfaced again in Florida waters, this time pinging off the coast just north of Port St. Lucie. Katharine, who has been swimming up the east coast of Florida since January, started her northward trek parallel to Lake Worth on January 13. In the months that have followed, she has moved up the coast as far...
Woman claims Fitbit burned her arm after it ‘exploded’
Woman claims Fitbit burned her arm after it ‘exploded’

A Wisconsin woman said she suffered second-degree burns on her arm after her Fitbit tracker “exploded” while she read a book, ABC News reported. >> Read more trending news  Dina Mitchell said she had owned her Fitbit Flex 2 for about two weeks when the fitness tracking device allegedly caught fire on her arm Tuesday night...
What’s under your feet at the playground?
What’s under your feet at the playground?

The playground: a universal source of fun for children. It’s also a place to burn calories, make new friends and develop skills like how to judge risks and make decisions. A good playground challenges and engages children but is also designed to keep them safe. One of the best ways to lower the chances of serious injuries is to make sure there...
More Stories