'The money is gone': Evacuated Ukrainians forced to return

Family and friends of 35-year-old Anna Protsenko, who was killed in a Russian rocket attack, walk to a cemetery for her burial, during her funeral procession, on the outskirts of Pokrovsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Protsenko was killed two days after coming home. She had done what authorities wanted, evacuating eastern Ukraine's Donetsk region as Russian forces move closer, but starting a new life elsewhere was uncomfortable and expensive. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Combined ShapeCaption
Family and friends of 35-year-old Anna Protsenko, who was killed in a Russian rocket attack, walk to a cemetery for her burial, during her funeral procession, on the outskirts of Pokrovsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Protsenko was killed two days after coming home. She had done what authorities wanted, evacuating eastern Ukraine's Donetsk region as Russian forces move closer, but starting a new life elsewhere was uncomfortable and expensive. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Tens of thousands of people who evacuated from Ukraine's eastern Donetsk region are returning to homes close to the front line because they can’t afford to live in safer places

POKROVSK, Ukraine (AP) — The missile's impact flung the young woman against the fence so hard it splintered. Her mother found her dying on the bench beneath the pear tree where she’d enjoyed the afternoon. By the time her father arrived, she was gone.

Anna Protsenko was killed two days after returning home. The 35-year-old had done what authorities wanted: She evacuated eastern Ukraine's Donetsk region as Russian forces move closer. But starting a new life elsewhere had been uncomfortable and expensive.

Like Protsenko, tens of thousands of people have returned to rural or industrial communities close to the region's front line at considerable risk because they can’t afford to live in safer places.

Protsenko had tried it for two months, then came home to take a job in the small city of Pokrovsk. On Monday, friends and family caressed her face and wept before her casket was hammered shut beside her grave.

“We cannot win. They don’t hire us elsewhere and you still have to pay rent,” said a friend and neighbor, Anastasia Rusanova. There’s nowhere to go, she said, but here in Donetsk, “everything is ours.”

The Pokrovsk mayor's office estimated that 70% of those who evacuated have come home. In the larger city of Kramatorsk, an hour's drive closer to the front line, officials said the population had dropped to about 50,000 from the normal 220,000 in the weeks following Russia's invasion but has since risen to 68,000.

It’s frustrating for Ukrainian authorities as some civilians remain in the path of war, but residents of the Donetsk region are frustrated, too. Some described feeling unwelcome as Russian speakers among Ukrainian speakers in some parts of the country.

But more often, lack of money was the problem. In Kramatorsk, some people in line waiting for boxes of humanitarian aid said they were too poor to evacuate at all. Donetsk and its economy have been dragged down by conflict since 2014, when Russian-backed separatists began fighting Ukraine's government.

“Who will take care of us?” asked Karina Smulska, who returned to Pokrovsk a month after evacuating. Now, at age 18, she is her family's main money-earner as a waitress.

Volunteers have been driving around the Donetsk region for months since Russia's invasion helping vulnerable people evacuate, but such efforts can end quietly in failure.

In a dank home in the village of Malotaranivka on the outskirts of Kramatorsk, speckled twists of flypaper hung from the living room ceiling. Pieces of cloth were stuffed into window cracks to keep out the draft.

Tamara Markova, 82, and her son Mykola Riaskov said they spent only five days as evacuees in the central city of Dnipro this month before deciding to take their chances back home.

“We would have been separated,” Markova said.

The temporary shelter where they stayed said she would be moved to a nursing home and her son, his left side immobilized after a stroke, would go to a home for the disabled. They found that unacceptable. In their hurry to leave, they left his wheelchair behind. It was too big to take on the bus.

Now they make do. If the air raid siren sounds, Markova goes to shelter with neighbors “until the bombing stops.” Humanitarian aid is delivered once a month. Markova calls it good enough. When winter comes, the neighbors will cover their windows with plastic film for basic insulation and clean the fireplace of soot. Maybe they’ll have gas for heat, maybe not.

“It was much easier under the Soviet Union,” she said of their lack of support from the state, but she was even unhappier with Russian President Vladimir Putin and what his soldiers are doing to the communities around her.

“He's old,” she said of Putin. “He has to be retired.”

Homesickness and uncertainty also drive returns to Donetsk. A daily evacuation train leaves Pokrovsk for relatively safer western Ukraine, but another train also arrives daily with people who have decided to come home. While the evacuation train is free, the return one is not.

Oksana Tserkovnyi took the train home with her 10-year-old daughter two days after the deadly attack on July 15 in Dnipro, where they had stayed for more than two months. While the attack was the spark to return, Tserkovnyi had found it difficult to find work. Now she plans to return to her previous job in a coal mine.

Costs in Dnipro, already full of evacuees, were another concern. “We stayed with relatives, but if we needed to rent it would have been a lot more,” Tserkovnyi said. “It starts at 6,000 hryvnia ($200) a month for a studio, and you won’t be able to find it.”

Taxi drivers who wait in Pokrovsk for the arriving train said many people give up on trying to resettle elsewhere.

“Half my work for sure is taking these people,” said one driver, Vitalii Anikieiev. “Because the money is gone.”

In mid-July, he said, he picked up a woman who was coming home from Poland after feeling out of place there. When they reached her village near the front line, there was a crater where her house had been.

“She cried,” Anikieiev said. “But she decided to stay.”

___

Associated Press journalist Inna Varenytsia contributed.

___

Follow AP's coverage of fighting in Ukraine at https://apnews.com/hub/russia-ukraine

Combined ShapeCaption
Men carry the lifeless body of 35-year-old Anna Protsenko, who was killed in a Russian rocket attack, during her funeral procession, on the outskirts of Pokrovsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Protsenko was killed two days after coming home. She had done what authorities wanted, evacuating eastern Ukraine's Donetsk region as Russian forces move closer, but starting a new life elsewhere was uncomfortable and expensive. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Men carry the lifeless body of 35-year-old Anna Protsenko, who was killed in a Russian rocket attack, during her funeral procession, on the outskirts of Pokrovsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Protsenko was killed two days after coming home. She had done what authorities wanted, evacuating eastern Ukraine's Donetsk region as Russian forces move closer, but starting a new life elsewhere was uncomfortable and expensive. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Combined ShapeCaption
Men carry the lifeless body of 35-year-old Anna Protsenko, who was killed in a Russian rocket attack, during her funeral procession, on the outskirts of Pokrovsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Protsenko was killed two days after coming home. She had done what authorities wanted, evacuating eastern Ukraine's Donetsk region as Russian forces move closer, but starting a new life elsewhere was uncomfortable and expensive. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Combined ShapeCaption
The bench where 35-year-old Anna Protsenko, was killed from a Russian rocket attack, ahead of her funeral procession, outside her home, on the outskirts of Pokrovsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Protsenko was killed two days after coming home. She had done what authorities wanted, evacuating eastern Ukraine's Donetsk region as Russian forces move closer, but starting a new life elsewhere was uncomfortable and expensive. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

The bench where 35-year-old Anna Protsenko, was killed from a Russian rocket attack, ahead of her funeral procession, outside her home, on the outskirts of Pokrovsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Protsenko was killed two days after coming home. She had done what authorities wanted, evacuating eastern Ukraine's Donetsk region as Russian forces move closer, but starting a new life elsewhere was uncomfortable and expensive. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Combined ShapeCaption
The bench where 35-year-old Anna Protsenko, was killed from a Russian rocket attack, ahead of her funeral procession, outside her home, on the outskirts of Pokrovsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Protsenko was killed two days after coming home. She had done what authorities wanted, evacuating eastern Ukraine's Donetsk region as Russian forces move closer, but starting a new life elsewhere was uncomfortable and expensive. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Combined ShapeCaption
A man walks away from a crater in the aftermath of a Russian rocket attack, that killed 35-year-old Anna Protsenko, on the outskirts of Pokrovsk, eastern Ukraine, Saturday, July 16, 2022. Protsenko was killed two days after coming home. She had done what authorities wanted, evacuating eastern Ukraine's Donetsk region as Russian forces move closer, but starting a new life elsewhere was uncomfortable and expensive. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

A man walks away from a crater in the aftermath of a Russian rocket attack, that killed 35-year-old Anna Protsenko, on the outskirts of Pokrovsk, eastern Ukraine, Saturday, July 16, 2022. Protsenko was killed two days after coming home. She had done what authorities wanted, evacuating eastern Ukraine's Donetsk region as Russian forces move closer, but starting a new life elsewhere was uncomfortable and expensive. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Combined ShapeCaption
A man walks away from a crater in the aftermath of a Russian rocket attack, that killed 35-year-old Anna Protsenko, on the outskirts of Pokrovsk, eastern Ukraine, Saturday, July 16, 2022. Protsenko was killed two days after coming home. She had done what authorities wanted, evacuating eastern Ukraine's Donetsk region as Russian forces move closer, but starting a new life elsewhere was uncomfortable and expensive. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Combined ShapeCaption
Tamara Markova, 82-year-old resident, sits with her son Mykola Riaskov, suffering from a disability, who both returned back to their home after fleeing, sit in their home in Malotaranivka village, in Kramatorsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Markova and Riaskov said they spent only five days as evacuees in the central city of Dnipro this month before deciding to take their chances back home. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Tamara Markova, 82-year-old resident, sits with her son Mykola Riaskov, suffering from a disability, who both returned back to their home after fleeing, sit in their home in Malotaranivka village, in Kramatorsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Markova and Riaskov said they spent only five days as evacuees in the central city of Dnipro this month before deciding to take their chances back home. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Combined ShapeCaption
Tamara Markova, 82-year-old resident, sits with her son Mykola Riaskov, suffering from a disability, who both returned back to their home after fleeing, sit in their home in Malotaranivka village, in Kramatorsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Markova and Riaskov said they spent only five days as evacuees in the central city of Dnipro this month before deciding to take their chances back home. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Combined ShapeCaption
A Cross sits on a fridge in the home of Tamara Markova, 82-year-old resident and her son Mykola Riaskov, suffering from a disability, who both returned back to their home after fleeing, in Malotaranivka village, in Kramatorsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Markova and Riaskov said they spent only five days as evacuees in the central city of Dnipro this month before deciding to take their chances back home. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

A Cross sits on a fridge in the home of Tamara Markova, 82-year-old resident and her son Mykola Riaskov, suffering from a disability, who both returned back to their home after fleeing, in Malotaranivka village, in Kramatorsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Markova and Riaskov said they spent only five days as evacuees in the central city of Dnipro this month before deciding to take their chances back home. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Combined ShapeCaption
A Cross sits on a fridge in the home of Tamara Markova, 82-year-old resident and her son Mykola Riaskov, suffering from a disability, who both returned back to their home after fleeing, in Malotaranivka village, in Kramatorsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Markova and Riaskov said they spent only five days as evacuees in the central city of Dnipro this month before deciding to take their chances back home. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Combined ShapeCaption
A priest prepares to pray over the lifeless body of 35-year-old Anna Protsenko, who was killed in a Russian rocket attack, before her burial, during her funeral procession, on the outskirts of Pokrovsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Protsenko was killed two days after coming home. She had done what authorities wanted, evacuating eastern Ukraine's Donetsk region as Russian forces move closer, but starting a new life elsewhere was uncomfortable and expensive. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

A priest prepares to pray over the lifeless body of 35-year-old Anna Protsenko, who was killed in a Russian rocket attack, before her burial, during her funeral procession, on the outskirts of Pokrovsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Protsenko was killed two days after coming home. She had done what authorities wanted, evacuating eastern Ukraine's Donetsk region as Russian forces move closer, but starting a new life elsewhere was uncomfortable and expensive. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Combined ShapeCaption
A priest prepares to pray over the lifeless body of 35-year-old Anna Protsenko, who was killed in a Russian rocket attack, before her burial, during her funeral procession, on the outskirts of Pokrovsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Protsenko was killed two days after coming home. She had done what authorities wanted, evacuating eastern Ukraine's Donetsk region as Russian forces move closer, but starting a new life elsewhere was uncomfortable and expensive. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Combined ShapeCaption
Damages from shelling on a house in Malotaranivka village, where Tamara Markova, 82-year-old resident and her son Mykola Riaskov, suffering from a disability, both returned back to after fleeing, in Kramatorsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Markova and Riaskov said they spent only five days as evacuees in the central city of Dnipro this month before deciding to take their chances back home. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Damages from shelling on a house in Malotaranivka village, where Tamara Markova, 82-year-old resident and her son Mykola Riaskov, suffering from a disability, both returned back to after fleeing, in Kramatorsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Markova and Riaskov said they spent only five days as evacuees in the central city of Dnipro this month before deciding to take their chances back home. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Combined ShapeCaption
Damages from shelling on a house in Malotaranivka village, where Tamara Markova, 82-year-old resident and her son Mykola Riaskov, suffering from a disability, both returned back to after fleeing, in Kramatorsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Markova and Riaskov said they spent only five days as evacuees in the central city of Dnipro this month before deciding to take their chances back home. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Combined ShapeCaption
Eighteen-year-old waitress, Karina Smulska, who returned to her home town after fleeing, prints a receipt for Ukrainian servicemen, at a restaurant, in Pokrovsk, eastern Ukraine, Wednesday, July 20, 2022. Tens of thousands of people from Donetsk region are returning to their rural or industrial communities close to the front line at considerable risk because they can't afford to live in safer places. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Eighteen-year-old waitress, Karina Smulska, who returned to her home town after fleeing, prints a receipt for Ukrainian servicemen, at a restaurant, in Pokrovsk, eastern Ukraine, Wednesday, July 20, 2022. Tens of thousands of people from Donetsk region are returning to their rural or industrial communities close to the front line at considerable risk because they can't afford to live in safer places. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Combined ShapeCaption
Eighteen-year-old waitress, Karina Smulska, who returned to her home town after fleeing, prints a receipt for Ukrainian servicemen, at a restaurant, in Pokrovsk, eastern Ukraine, Wednesday, July 20, 2022. Tens of thousands of people from Donetsk region are returning to their rural or industrial communities close to the front line at considerable risk because they can't afford to live in safer places. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Combined ShapeCaption
Eighteen-year-old waitress, Karina Smulska, who returned to her home town after fleeing, smokes a cigarette outside the restaurant she works, in Pokrovsk, eastern Ukraine, Wednesday, July 20, 2022. Tens of thousands of people from Donetsk region are returning to their rural or industrial communities close to the front line at considerable risk because they can't afford to live in safer places. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Eighteen-year-old waitress, Karina Smulska, who returned to her home town after fleeing, smokes a cigarette outside the restaurant she works, in Pokrovsk, eastern Ukraine, Wednesday, July 20, 2022. Tens of thousands of people from Donetsk region are returning to their rural or industrial communities close to the front line at considerable risk because they can't afford to live in safer places. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Combined ShapeCaption
Eighteen-year-old waitress, Karina Smulska, who returned to her home town after fleeing, smokes a cigarette outside the restaurant she works, in Pokrovsk, eastern Ukraine, Wednesday, July 20, 2022. Tens of thousands of people from Donetsk region are returning to their rural or industrial communities close to the front line at considerable risk because they can't afford to live in safer places. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Combined ShapeCaption
Damages from shelling in Malotaranivka village, where Tamara Markova, 82-year-old resident and her son Mykola Riaskov, suffering from a disability, both returned back to after fleeing, in Kramatorsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Markova and Riaskov said they spent only five days as evacuees in the central city of Dnipro this month before deciding to take their chances back home. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Damages from shelling in Malotaranivka village, where Tamara Markova, 82-year-old resident and her son Mykola Riaskov, suffering from a disability, both returned back to after fleeing, in Kramatorsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Markova and Riaskov said they spent only five days as evacuees in the central city of Dnipro this month before deciding to take their chances back home. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Combined ShapeCaption
Damages from shelling in Malotaranivka village, where Tamara Markova, 82-year-old resident and her son Mykola Riaskov, suffering from a disability, both returned back to after fleeing, in Kramatorsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Markova and Riaskov said they spent only five days as evacuees in the central city of Dnipro this month before deciding to take their chances back home. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Combined ShapeCaption
A gravedigger shovels soil on the casket of 35-year-old Anna Protsenko, who was killed in a Russian rocket attack, during her burial, on the outskirts of Pokrovsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Protsenko was killed two days after coming home. She had done what authorities wanted, evacuating eastern Ukraine's Donetsk region as Russian forces move closer, but starting a new life elsewhere was uncomfortable and expensive. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

A gravedigger shovels soil on the casket of 35-year-old Anna Protsenko, who was killed in a Russian rocket attack, during her burial, on the outskirts of Pokrovsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Protsenko was killed two days after coming home. She had done what authorities wanted, evacuating eastern Ukraine's Donetsk region as Russian forces move closer, but starting a new life elsewhere was uncomfortable and expensive. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Combined ShapeCaption
A gravedigger shovels soil on the casket of 35-year-old Anna Protsenko, who was killed in a Russian rocket attack, during her burial, on the outskirts of Pokrovsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, July 18, 2022. Protsenko was killed two days after coming home. She had done what authorities wanted, evacuating eastern Ukraine's Donetsk region as Russian forces move closer, but starting a new life elsewhere was uncomfortable and expensive. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty

Credit: Nariman El-Mofty