Under Zucker, the Department of Health worked with hospitals statewide to ensure a surge of COVID-19 patients wouldn’t catastrophically overwhelm hospital systems.
But Zucker has faced heated criticism over the state's COVID-19 response, particularly in nursing homes.
Nearly 16,000 people living in nursing homes and other long-term care homes in New York have died of COVID-19, according to state data.
Zucker has also faced criticism from health care workers who said the state failed to ensure hospitals and nursing home personnel had adequate personal protective gear and staffing levels during the peak of the pandemic.
Zucker defended his department's record in his resignation letter: he said health officials faced “countless unfounded criticisms" but acted with “conscientiousness and competence."
New York's since-rescinded March 2020 directive said nursing homes couldn’t refuse to admit patients solely because they had COVID-19.
Zucker and Cuomo defended the directive as needed to free up beds in hospitals in case of a disastrous surge of patients.
At that time in spring 2020, limited COVID-19 testing made it difficult for nursing homes to know whether admitted patients were contagious.
By May 2020, the state withdrew the directive and required hospitals to test patients for COVID-19 before transferring them to nursing homes.
By July 2020, the health department released a report arguing the main driver of COVID-19 infections in nursing homes were unknowingly infected staff and visitors — not the March directive.
But the report's findings were limited: it excluded thousands of deaths of nursing home residents who later died in hospitals. And the Cuomo administration declined to say whether the directive may have worsened outbreaks in any nursing homes.
Cuomo staffers and health officials clashed over a decision to exclude the higher death tally from the report.
Zucker’s agency long declined to release such COVID-19 data despite requests by media and lawmakers. Cuomo said the state needed to verify data, but acknowledged the decision fueled misinformation.
Hochul reversed the Cuomo administration's practice of publicizing only a fraction of COVID-19 deaths in daily press releases.
Zucker praised Hochul's “commitment” to transparency at an August health department committee meeting, saying: “Her leadership allowing me and all of DOH to get the data out is refreshing.”
Zucker's role in the state's pandemic response may also resurface in an anticipated report from the Assembly Judiciary Committee.
The committee's wide-ranging impeachment investigation of Cuomo includes the administration’s handling of COVID-19 data and efforts to rush COVID-19 testing for Cuomo’s inner circle in spring 2020.
In one instance, a Zucker aide tested Cuomo’s brother Chris at his Hamptons home. The committee's chair says the report will be released soon, but the timing is unclear.