Challenger remembrance


 

The Space Shuttle Challenger disaster occurred on January 28, 1986, when Space Shuttle Challenger (mission STS-51-L) broke apart 73 seconds into its flight, leading to the deaths of its seven crew members. The spacecraft disintegrated over the Atlantic Ocean, off the coast of central Florida at 11:38 EST (16:38 UTC). Disintegration of the entire vehicle began after an O-ring seal in its right solid rocket booster (SRB) failed at liftoff. The O-ring failure caused a breach in the SRB joint it sealed, allowing pressurized hot gas from within the solid rocket motor to reach the outside and impinge upon the adjacent SRB attachment hardware and external fuel tank. This led to the separation of the right-hand SRBs aft attachment and the structural failure of the external tank. Aerodynamic forces promptly broke up the orbiter.

The crew compartment and many other vehicle fragments were eventually recovered from the ocean floor after a lengthy search and recovery operation. Although the exact timing of the death of the crew is unknown, several crew members are known to have survived the initial breakup of the spacecraft. However, the shuttle had no escape system and the impact of the crew compartment with the ocean surface was too violent to be survivable.

The disaster resulted in a 32-month hiatus in the shuttle program and the formation of the Rogers Commission, a special commission appointed by United States President Ronald Reagan to investigate the accident. The Rogers Commission found NASA's organizational culture and decision-making processes had been key contributing factors to the accident. NASA managers had known contractor Morton Thiokol's design of the SRBs contained a potentially catastrophic flaw in the O-rings since 1977, but failed to address it properly. They also disregarded warnings from engineers about the dangers of launching posed by the low temperatures of that morning and had failed to adequately report these technical concerns to their superiors.

What Rogers did not highlight was the fact the vehicle was never certified to operate in temperatures that low. The O-rings, as well as many other critical components, had no test data to support any expectation of a successful launch in such conditions. Bob Ebeling from Thiokol delivered a biting analysis: "[W]e’re only qualified to 40 degrees ...‘what business does anyone even have thinking about 18 degrees, we’re in no man’s land’".

Many viewed the launch live because of the presence of crew member Christa McAuliffe, the first member of the Teacher in Space Project and the (planned) first female teacher in space. Media coverage of the accident was extensive: one study reported that 85 percent of Americans surveyed had heard the news within an hour of the accident. The Challenger disaster has been used as a case study in many discussions of engineering safety and workplace ethics.

Among the astronauts that day was Christa McAuliffe, a school teacher picked out of more than 1,100 applicants to become the first educator in space. Union Public Schools in Tulsa named a new elementary after McAuliffe in 1988.

Other crew members who were killed were:

Francis R. Scobee – Mission Commander

Michael J. Smith – Pilot

Ellison S. Onizuka – Mission Specialist 1

Judith A. Resnik – Mission Specialist 2

Ronald E. McNair – Mission Specialist 3

Christa McAuliffe – Payload Specialist 1

Gregory B. Jarvis – Payload Specialist 2


Reader Comments ...


Next Up in Springfield Entertainment

Disney building the world's first Marvel hotel
Disney building the world's first Marvel hotel

It’s a hotel that Disney is hoping guests will marvel at. >> Read more trending news Disney’s Hotel New York, a 565-room property near Disneyland Paris’ Disneytown. will be renovated to feature the props, drawings and costumes from Marvel films, television shows and comic books, Travel & Leisure reported. The Art of Marvel will...
Ryan Seacrest to return as host of 'American Idol' revival
Ryan Seacrest to return as host of 'American Idol' revival

It’s official: Ryan Seacrest will return to “American Idol” to serve as host for ABC’s reboot of the singing competition. Kelly Ripa made the announcement on Thursday morning’s episode of “Live with Kelly and Ryan.” “We’ve been talking about it for a little while but I am happy to confirm &hellip...
The new summer beer hitting taps this week that you’ll want to try
The new summer beer hitting taps this week that you’ll want to try

Just in time for the dog days of summer comes Yellow Springs Brewery’s latest release — Boat Show IPA.  The beer, with its tropical fruit and citrus hop notes designed to mix nicely with Crystal malts, is meant for lounging by the water on a hot day. Boat Show, at 7 percent ABV, comes after repeated experiments under the...
Madonna stops auction of love letter from Tupac, underwear, hairbrush
Madonna stops auction of love letter from Tupac, underwear, hairbrush

A New York judge has ordered a company planning to auction articles belonging to pop star Madonna, including a love letter from rapper Tupac Shakur, a hairbrush, used underwear, and unreleased cassette recordings, to pull 22 items from the auction scheduled for Wednesday, July 19. The Material Girl claimed the items had been stolen from her by a ...
Couple collides practicing 'Dirty Dancing' lift before wedding
Couple collides practicing 'Dirty Dancing' lift before wedding

A couple practicing the famed lift from the 1980s classic “Dirty Dancing” found themselves in the hospital after they failed to execute the move and instead knocked each other out, according to multiple reports. The pair, identified by BBC News as Sharon Price and her fiance Andy Price, were practicing a recreation of the final dance scene...
More Stories